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使用本地的docker客户端连接远程docker的守护进程

时间:2018-05-01 09:47 作者:QQ地带 我要评论

概述
 
在这之前我们要知道docker是一个c/s架构的程序,也就是说我们输入的docker命令实际上是客户端用来发送指令给docker的守护进程的,所有的操作都是docker的守护进程来做。
 
一些基础知识
 
docker和服务端守护进程通信有两种方式一个就是docker自己的client(docker cli)还有一个就是用户可以自己写程序,调用docker的remote-api来和docker的守护进程通信。还有要知道的是docker客户端和服务端是使用socket连接方式的,有三种socket连接方式,一种是直接连接本地的socket文件unix:///var/run/docker/sock,第二种是tcp://host:prot,第三种是fd://socketfd,默认docker都是直接连接本地的socket文件,而且还支持fd://socketfd,如果我们要支持远程连接就必须要加上tcp连接方式
 
使用docker本地客户端连接远程docker服务端
 
实验环境是 2台centos虚拟机,而且都安装上了docker,为了却别两台机器,我在服务端机器上pull了一个ubuntu镜像
docker pull ubuntu
之后修改服务端配置,让它支持使用tcp远程访问,这里说明一下docker1.12版本之前是修改vim /etc/default/docker的DOCKER_OPTS参数的,但是1.12之后docker建议在/etc/docker/daemon.json文件中修改docker启动参数,具体的所有参数如下面所示
 
{
    "authorization-plugins": [],
    "data-root": "",
    "dns": [],
    "dns-opts": [],
    "dns-search": [],
    "exec-opts": [],
    "exec-root": "",
    "experimental": false,
    "storage-driver": "",
    "storage-opts": [],
    "labels": [],
    "live-restore": true,
    "log-driver": "",
    "log-opts": {},
    "mtu": 0,
    "pidfile": "",
    "cluster-store": "",
    "cluster-store-opts": {},
    "cluster-advertise": "",
    "max-concurrent-downloads": 3,
    "max-concurrent-uploads": 5,
    "default-shm-size": "64M",
    "shutdown-timeout": 15,
    "debug": true,
    "hosts": [],
    "log-level": "",
    "tls": true,
    "tlsverify": true,
    "tlscacert": "",
    "tlscert": "",
    "tlskey": "",
    "swarm-default-advertise-addr": "",
    "api-cors-header": "",
    "selinux-enabled": false,
    "userns-remap": "",
    "group": "",
    "cgroup-parent": "",
    "default-ulimits": {},
    "init": false,
    "init-path": "/usr/libexec/docker-init",
    "ipv6": false,
    "iptables": false,
    "ip-forward": false,
    "ip-masq": false,
    "userland-proxy": false,
    "userland-proxy-path": "/usr/libexec/docker-proxy",
    "ip": "0.0.0.0",
    "bridge": "",
    "bip": "",
    "fixed-cidr": "",
    "fixed-cidr-v6": "",
    "default-gateway": "",
    "default-gateway-v6": "",
    "icc": false,
    "raw-logs": false,
    "allow-nondistributable-artifacts": [],
    "registry-mirrors": [],
    "seccomp-profile": "",
    "insecure-registries": [],
    "no-new-privileges": false,
    "default-runtime": "runc",
    "oom-score-adjust": -500,
    "node-generic-resources": ["NVIDIA-GPU=UUID1", "NVIDIA-GPU=UUID2"],
    "runtimes": {
        "cc-runtime": {
            "path": "/usr/bin/cc-runtime"
        },
        "custom": {
            "path": "/usr/local/bin/my-runc-replacement",
            "runtimeArgs": [
                "--debug"
            ]
        }
    }
}
默认docker不创建这个文件,所以我们要创建并且添加上我们要的配置,不要的可以不加,比如我的就是
 
{
  "registry-mirrors": ["https://kf0vxqi6.mirror.aliyuncs.com"],
  "labels": ["name=docker-server"],
  "hosts": [
        "tcp://0.0.0.0:2376",
        "unix:///var/run/docker.sock"
    ]
}
第一行是仓库地址,第二行是给docker-daemon做一个标签,第三行hosts就是连接方式,现在docker同时支持两种连接方式了
接着我们直接在客户端centos机器上连接服务端的机器,输入下面命令
docker -H tcp://192.168.0.83:2376 info
-H后面就是指定连接的服务端地址 info表示查看服务端daemon的信息
 
[root@MiWiFi-R1CM-srv ~]# docker -H tcp://192.168.0.83:2376 info
Containers: 0
 Running: 0
 Paused: 0
 Stopped: 0
Images: 1
Server Version: 18.03.0-ce
Storage Driver: overlay2
 Backing Filesystem: xfs
 Supports d_type: true
 Native Overlay Diff: true
Logging Driver: json-file
Cgroup Driver: cgroupfs
Plugins:
 Volume: local
 Network: bridge host macvlan null overlay
 Log: awslogs fluentd gcplogs gelf journald json-file logentries splunk syslog
Swarm: inactive
Runtimes: runc
Default Runtime: runc
Init Binary: docker-init
containerd version: cfd04396dc68220d1cecbe686a6cc3aa5ce3667c
runc version: 4fc53a81fb7c994640722ac585fa9ca548971871
init version: 949e6fa
Security Options:
 seccomp
  Profile: default
Kernel Version: 3.10.0-693.el7.x86_64
Operating System: CentOS Linux 7 (Core)
OSType: linux
Architecture: x86_64
CPUs: 1
Total Memory: 1.797GiB
Name: MiWiFi-R1CM-srv
ID: 7S6I:U2LJ:C2KG:LVP7:D6WA:46KN:A2HB:XJ7G:6CI3:6ID3:3A5F:B7CZ
Docker Root Dir: /var/lib/docker
Debug Mode (client): false
Debug Mode (server): false
Registry: https://index.docker.io/v1/
Labels:
 name=docker-server
Experimental: false
Insecure Registries:
 127.0.0.0/8
Registry Mirrors:
 https://kf0vxqi6.mirror.aliyuncs.com/
Live Restore Enabled: false
如果你不想每次都输入-H参数,那么你可以在客户端机器加上下面的环境变量
export DOCKER_HOST="tcp://192.168.0.83:2376"
 
[root@MiWiFi-R1CM-srv ~]# export DOCKER_HOST="tcp://192.168.0.83:2376"
[root@MiWiFi-R1CM-srv ~]# docker info
Containers: 0
 Running: 0
 Paused: 0
 Stopped: 0
Images: 1
Server Version: 18.03.0-ce
Storage Driver: overlay2
 Backing Filesystem: xfs
 Supports d_type: true
 Native Overlay Diff: true
Logging Driver: json-file
Cgroup Driver: cgroupfs
Plugins:
 Volume: local
 Network: bridge host macvlan null overlay
 Log: awslogs fluentd gcplogs gelf journald json-file logentries splunk syslog
Swarm: inactive
Runtimes: runc
Default Runtime: runc
Init Binary: docker-init
containerd version: cfd04396dc68220d1cecbe686a6cc3aa5ce3667c
runc version: 4fc53a81fb7c994640722ac585fa9ca548971871
init version: 949e6fa
Security Options:
 seccomp
  Profile: default
Kernel Version: 3.10.0-693.el7.x86_64
Operating System: CentOS Linux 7 (Core)
OSType: linux
Architecture: x86_64
CPUs: 1
Total Memory: 1.797GiB
Name: MiWiFi-R1CM-srv
ID: 7S6I:U2LJ:C2KG:LVP7:D6WA:46KN:A2HB:XJ7G:6CI3:6ID3:3A5F:B7CZ
Docker Root Dir: /var/lib/docker
Debug Mode (client): false
Debug Mode (server): false
Registry: https://index.docker.io/v1/
Labels:
 name=docker-server
Experimental: false
Insecure Registries:
 127.0.0.0/8
Registry Mirrors:
 https://kf0vxqi6.mirror.aliyuncs.com/
Live Restore Enabled: false
如果你想连接本地那么改回环境变量即可
 
export DOCKER_HOST=""
 
[root@MiWiFi-R1CM-srv ~]# export DOCKER_HOST=""
[root@MiWiFi-R1CM-srv ~]# docker info
Containers: 0
 Running: 0
 Paused: 0
 Stopped: 0
Images: 0
Server Version: 18.03.0-ce
Storage Driver: overlay2
 Backing Filesystem: xfs
 Supports d_type: true
 Native Overlay Diff: true
Logging Driver: json-file
Cgroup Driver: cgroupfs
Plugins:
 Volume: local
 Network: bridge host macvlan null overlay
 Log: awslogs fluentd gcplogs gelf journald json-file logentries splunk syslog
Swarm: inactive
Runtimes: runc
Default Runtime: runc
Init Binary: docker-init
containerd version: cfd04396dc68220d1cecbe686a6cc3aa5ce3667c
runc version: 4fc53a81fb7c994640722ac585fa9ca548971871
init version: 949e6fa
Security Options:
 seccomp
  Profile: default
Kernel Version: 3.10.0-693.el7.x86_64
Operating System: CentOS Linux 7 (Core)
OSType: linux
Architecture: x86_64
CPUs: 1
Total Memory: 1.797GiB
Name: MiWiFi-R1CM-srv
ID: 7S6I:U2LJ:C2KG:LVP7:D6WA:46KN:A2HB:XJ7G:6CI3:6ID3:3A5F:B7CZ
Docker Root Dir: /var/lib/docker
Debug Mode (client): false
Debug Mode (server): false
Registry: https://index.docker.io/v1/
Labels:
 name=docker-client-server
Experimental: false
Insecure Registries:
 127.0.0.0/8
Registry Mirrors:
 https://kf0vxqi6.mirror.aliyuncs.com/
Live Restore Enabled: false
最后再说一句,如果你碰到了下面的问题
error during connect: Get http://192.168.0.83:2376/v1.37/info: dial tcp 192.168.0.83:2376: getsockopt: no route to host
那么就是你系统的防火墙开了,你只要修改防火墙规则或者关闭掉防火墙就好了,在centos下是
sudo systemctl stop firewalld

标签: docker
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