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C#对称加密(AES加密)每次生成的密文结果不同思路代码分享

时间:2018-10-25 10:56 作者:QQ地带 我要评论

 a思路:使用随机向量,把随机向量放入密文中,每次解密时从密文中截取前16位,其实就是我们之前加密的随机向量。

 
 
 
代码
 
 
public static string Encrypt(string plainText, string AESKey)
{
    RijndaelManaged rijndaelCipher = new RijndaelManaged();
    byte[] inputByteArray = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(plainText);//得到需要加密的字节数组
    rijndaelCipher.Key = Convert.FromBase64String(AESKey);//加解密双方约定好密钥:AESKey
    rijndaelCipher.GenerateIV();
    byte[] keyIv = rijndaelCipher.IV;
    byte[] cipherBytes = null;
    using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream())
    {
        using (CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms, rijndaelCipher.CreateEncryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Write))
        {
            cs.Write(inputByteArray, 0, inputByteArray.Length);
            cs.FlushFinalBlock();
            cipherBytes = ms.ToArray();//得到加密后的字节数组
            cs.Close();
            ms.Close();
        }
    }
    var allEncrypt = new byte[keyIv.Length + cipherBytes.Length];
    Buffer.BlockCopy(keyIv, 0, allEncrypt, 0, keyIv.Length);
    Buffer.BlockCopy(cipherBytes, 0, allEncrypt, keyIv.Length * sizeof(byte), cipherBytes.Length);
    return Convert.ToBase64String(allEncrypt);
}
 
public static string Decrypt(string showText, string AESKey)
{
    string result = string.Empty;
    try
    {
        byte[] cipherText = Convert.FromBase64String(showText);
        int length = cipherText.Length;
        SymmetricAlgorithm rijndaelCipher = Rijndael.Create();
        rijndaelCipher.Key = Convert.FromBase64String(AESKey);//加解密双方约定好的密钥
        byte[] iv = new byte[16];
        Buffer.BlockCopy(cipherText, 0, iv, 0, 16);
        rijndaelCipher.IV = iv;
        byte[] decryptBytes = new byte[length - 16];
        byte[] passwdText = new byte[length - 16];
        Buffer.BlockCopy(cipherText, 16, passwdText, 0, length - 16);
        using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream(passwdText))
        {
            using (CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms, rijndaelCipher.CreateDecryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Read))
            {
                cs.Read(decryptBytes, 0, decryptBytes.Length);
                cs.Close();
                ms.Close();
            }
        }
        result = Encoding.UTF8.GetString(decryptBytes).Replace("\0", "");   ///将字符串后尾的'\0'去掉
    }
    catch { }
    return result;
}
  
 
调用:
 
 
string jiaMi = MyAESTools.Encrypt(textBox1.Text, "abcdefgh12345678abcdefgh12345678");
 
string jieMi = MyAESTools.Decrypt(textBox3.Text, "abcdefgh12345678abcdefgh12345678");

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